Salvador Dalí was a surrealist painter and printmaker known for exploring subconscious imagery. Along with Picasso and Matisse, he is regarded as one of the most influential painters of the twentieth century.
Born in the small town of Figueras in the Catalunya region of north-eastern Spain, the landscape around his hometown significantly influenced his life and work, and his first work at the age of six was a landscape depicting Figueras. At age 15, he began contributing to Stadium, a critical magazine run by the Ferguson public secondary school, where he wrote regular articles on art, discussing his favourite painters such as Michelangelo, Da Vinci, Durer, Greco, Goya and Velasquez.
In addition to his best-known paintings, Dalí also experimented with sculpture, prints and fashion design and is perhaps best known for his films with Luis Buñuel and Alfred Hitchcock.